Attorneys & Counselors-at-Law
Charleston C. K. Wang, Esq.
Of Counsel: Mary Joan Reutter, Esq.
Immigration and Nationality Lawyers in Cincinnati Ohio USA Serving the World
Charleston Wang Immigration Lawyer Cincinnati Ohio Charleston Wang Immigration Attorney Cincinnati Ohio
The Wanglaw Building
6924 Plainfield Road
Cincinnati, Ohio 45236
United States of America
Phones: 513/793-7776 and 513/891-2888
Copyright 2007-2010 All Rights Reserved to Charleston C. K. Wang, Publisher
WANGLAW is a registered tradename
AGGRAVATED VEHICULAR HOMICIDE IS NOT
CRIME OF VIOLENCE AND IS NOT
On December 27, 2005, the United States
Board of Immigration Appeals (BIA) upheld
the decision of the Immigration Judge in the
case of IN RE: KOEUN YOU, A27-819-377.
The BIA agreed with the position taken on
behalf of Mr. Kouen You that convictions for
aggravated vehicular homicide and vehicular
assault under Ohio state law which requires
a mens rea (mental state) of recklessness
do not constitute crimes of violence as
defined under 18 U.S. C. Section 16. The BIA
dismissed the government's appeal which
was based on the argument that aggravated
vehicular homicide was a crime of violence.
Accordingly, any permanent resident
convicted under a recklessness standard
(such as DUI violations) is not subject to
removal or deportation from the United States.
Previously on August 22, 2005, in the Matter
of Koeun You, File No. A 027-819-377, an
U.S. Immigration Judge of the Executive
Office for Immigration Review, United States
Department of Justice ruled that conviction for
aggravated vehicular homicide by reason of
driving while intoxicated and while attempting
to use a cell phone, under Ohio Revised
Code §2903.06(A) and §2903.08(a)(2) are
not deportable offenses and are not crimes
of violence under U.S. Immigration law. Mr.
Koeun You, a permanent resident of the
United States in Hamilton County.
Mr. Kouen You was represented by
Charleston C. K. Wang, Esq. before the
Board of Immigration Appeals and the
Click below see the Decision by the United
States Board of Immigration Appeals and by
the Immigration Judge.
Page 1 of Immigration Court
Page 2 of Immigration Court
Page 3 of Immigration Court
Page 4 of Immigration Court
Page 1 of Board of Immigration Appeals
Page 2 of Board of Immigration Appeals
Page 3 of Board of Immigration Appeals
Page 4 of Board of Immigration Appeals
A NOTE ON BIA DECISIONS: A precedent
decision of the Board of Immigration Appeals
applies to all immigration proceedings in the
United States involving the same issue
unless it is modified or overruled by the
Attorney General, the Board, Congress, or a
Federal Court. See, In re E-L-H et al.
A CASE CONCERNING THE
EMPLOYMENT OF A CHINESE CHEF
An Ohio corporation, Kwan Ping, Inc.
dba King Wok Chinese Restaurant
petitioned to employ a specialty
Chinese Chef permanently in the
United States. The ETA 750 was duly
approved by the U. S. Department of
Labor. The Director of the Immigration
and Naturalization Service refused to
approve the green card citing that the
Petitioner had not established that it
had the continuing ability to pay the
employee beneficiary the proffered
Charleston C. K. Wang, Esq.
appealed to the Administrative
Appeals Office in Washington D.C.
and filed a legal argument and
supplemented with additional
evidence. Counsel argued that the
INS Director had erred and requested
the reversal of the denial. On
consideration of the evidence and
legal brief, the Administrative Appeals
Office agreed with the Petitioner and
reversed the INS Director, holding that:
“After a review of the federal tax
returns, it is concluded that the
petitioner has established that it had
the ability to pay the proffered wages
as of the priority date of the petition
and continuing until the beneficiary
obtains lawful permanent residence.
The burden of proof in these
proceedings rests solely with the
petitioner. Section 291 of the Act, 8 U.
S.C. §1361. The petitioner has met
that burden. ORDER: The appeal is
sustained. The petition is granted.”
Click here for a complete copy of the
Decision of Robert O. Wiemann,
Director of the Administrative Appeals
Office of the U S Citizenship and
Immigration Services, U S Department
of Homeland Security.
NEWS NEWS NEWS
| CHARLESTON & SHIRLEY WANG SCHOLARSHIP 2006-2007
The Charleston & Shirley Wang Scholarship was established to recognize the importance and achievements of the foreign-born students
at Sycamore High School, City of Montgomery, Ohio. The scholarship is intended to encourage Sycamore’s foreign-born students whose
first language is other than English, to continue their education and excel academically at institutions of higher learning. The scholarship
also recognizes the importance of the mastery of the English language as a foundation to success in life in USA.
In order to be considered for this Scholarship, the applicant must:
Be a graduating senior of Sycamore High School.
Have received at least ONE full year of ESL (English as a Second Language) instruction while at either Sycamore Junior High School
and/or Sycamore High School.
Have a minimum cumulative GPA of 3.0.
If awarded the scholarship, apply the award to tuition, room and board, and/or books at a 2 or 4 year college immediately following their
This Scholarship will be offered in 2006-2007 and all interested persons are encouraged to contact Sycamore High School, 7400 Cornell
Road, Cincinnati OH 45242, (Phone: 513-489-0405) for further details and application form.
Caveat /Disclaimer: U.S. immigration statutes, regulations and interpretations of these and other federal, state and local law are subject to change and timely, competent counsel from a
qualified legal professional on current and applicable law to particular facts is indispensable. This website provides information of a general nature and such information cannot pertain to
any specific set of facts. For any particular situation, the visitor should obtain counsel from a qualified legal professional. The publisher reserves the right to amend the contents of this
website at any time and for any reason.
| NON-RESIDENT ALIEN ON APPEAL WINS RIGHT TO SEEK SPOUSAL SUPPORT IN OHIO COURTS
In the case of Yawei Zhao v. Qin Qian Zeng (Appeal No. C-020131 First Appellate District, Hamilton County, Ohio 2003), the Court of
Appeals affirmed the right of a non-resident alien to seek spousal support via a Complaint for legal separation in the Domestic Relations
Division of the Court of Common Pleas of Hamilton County, Ohio.
In this case, the husband, Yawei Zhao, held a F-2 temporary student visa because of his marriage to Qin Qian Zeng, a F-1 student. When
his wife completed her graduate degree, obtained a job in Syracuse, New York and a new H1-B temporary work visa, she decided to file
for divorce in Hamilton County, Ohio on February 9, 2001. The husband succeeded in obtaining a dismissal of this divorce action
because the wife was a F-1 student and could not satisfy the domiciliary resident requirement for jurisdiction in an Ohio county court. The
wife then initiated a petition for divorce via the Consulate General of the People's Republic of China located in New York City. This divorce
petition was duly filed in Shanghai Zuhui District Court, China on June 5, 2001. The husband was served with the Chinese divorce petition
on August 2, 2001. On August 3, 2001, the husband filed for divorce in Domestic Relations Division of the Court of Common Pleas of
Hamilton Count. On Ocotober 29, 2001, the wife filed a motion to dismiss the divorce initiated by the husband. In response, the husband
on November 7, 2001 amended his complaint from divorce to one for legal separation and continued his action for spousal support.
After a hearing before a Hamilton County Magistrate, the trial court issued a decision that for a complaint for legal separation, jurisdiction
and venue were proper in Hamilton County but the action must be dismissed because the wife had already invoked the jurisdiction of the
Chinese courts by perfecting service upon the husband one day prior to his filing a complaint in Hamilton County. The Magistrate noted
that both parties were Chinese nationals who were in the United States on temporary visas and that while both parties wanted to
terminate their marriage, Ohio residency requirements precluded them from obtaining a divorce in Hamilton County, Ohio, but permitted
the husband to proceed for legal separation. Nonetheless, the husband's effort to get spousal support was denied because jurisdictional
priority was given to the Shanghai court to decide all issues related to the marriage and termination of the same.
Charleston C. K. Wang instituted an appeal into the First Appellate District of Ohio on five questions of law. On June 13, 2003, the Court of
Appeals after reviewing each issue of law de novo, reversed on the fifth assignment without deciding the other four, holding that Ohio's
jurisdictional priority rule applies only to state courts with concurrent jurisdiction and not to foreign courts. Accordingly, the lower court
erred as a matter of law when it dismissed the husband's action for spousal support by reason of a pending divorce action in China. In
his appeal, the husband had also argued that the trial court violated his due-process rights, his right of access to Ohio court, and the
sovereignty of the state of Ohio, issues which were not reached because of the disposition of the fifth assignment of error in his favor.
In summary, this case stands for the legal proposition that a non-resident alien in Ohio may access Ohio domestic relation courts for the
purpose of obtaining spousal support under an action for legal separation, notwithstanding the fact that a parallel action is pending in the
courts of another country, including the country of origin. To read the complete decision, click here.
THE STRUGGLES OF YICK WO AND WO LEE, CHINESE LAUNDRYMEN
The following is a true story, the facts of which are recorded in the United States Supreme Court opinion of Yick Wo v. Hopkins:
Yick Wo, Wo Lee, and other Chinese were established businessmen who were operating laundries in the city of San Francisco, California.
The city of San Francisco then passed a local law (ordinance) which made it illegal for any person to maintain a laundry in a wooden building
without first securing a license from the San Francisco Board of Supervisors. Of the 320 laundries in the city, 310 were made of wood. The
Chinese operated 240 laundries or 75% of the city’s total laundries. The applications for licenses filed by 200 Chinese laundries were all
denied, while all applications, but for one, filed by non-Chinese applicants were granted.
Yick Wo and Wo Lee were convicted of operating laundries in wooden buildings without the required license. They were consequently sent to
prison for not paying the fine. To their credit, both began habeas corpus (release the prisoner) actions in the federal court system. Other
Chinese laundry operators intervened in support of Yick Wo’s and Wo Lee’s petitions to be released from prison. Their cases eventually
reached the United States Supreme Court.
The Supreme Court reviewed the facts. The facts, fortunately, were blatantly simple: Yick Wo and Wo Lee were aliens of Chinese descent; the
city’s fire wardens and sanitary inspectors had inspected their laundries and had approved them; all the applications by Chinese for the newly
required license were denied by the Board of Supervisors; all other applications by non-Chinese, save one, were granted.
Given the above straightforward facts, the highest Court of the land responded with matching directness. It decided:
[T]he facts shown established an administration directed so exclusively against a particular class of persons as to warrant and
require the conclusion that whatever may have been the intent of the ordinance as adopted, they are applied by the public authorities
charged with their administration, and thus representing the State itself, with a mind so unequal and oppressive as to amount to a
practical denial by the State of that equal protection of the laws.
The Court also handed down this now famous quote:
Though the law itself be fair on its face and impartial in appearance, yet, if it is applied and administered by the public authority with an
evil eye and an unequal hand, so as to practically make unjust and illegal discriminations between persons in similar circumstances,
...the denial of justice is still within the prohibition of the Constitution.
The Court struck a conclusive blow, true and straight, into the heart of the champion of discrimination:
No reason whatever, except the will of the supervisors, is assigned why they [Chinese laundry operators] should not be permitted to
carry on, in the accustomed manner, their harmless and useful occupation, on which they depend for a livelihood. ...[N]o reason
exists except for hostility to the race and nationality to which the petitioners belong, and which in the eye of the law, is not justified. The
discrimination is therefore illegal, and the public administration which enforces it is a denial of the equal protection of the laws and a
violation of the Fourteenth Amendment of the Constitution. The imprisonment of the petitioners is therefore illegal, and they must be
Yick Wo and Wo Lee were finally set free from prison by order of the United states Supreme Court. It may be interesting to note that Yick Wo. v.
Hopkins happened in 1886, a period in America which is noted for its hostility and hysteria against Chinese. After all, the first Chinese
Exclusion Act had just passed in 1882.
The past injustice notwithstanding, Yick Wo v. Hopkins remains the just and valid law of the land to this day, over one and a quarter century
since its origin. The law of Yick Wo v. Hopkins is truly an early beacon of light and enlightenment for the various modern civil rights statues
aimed at protecting the minority’s right to equal employment opportunity, to a livelihood or profession, to equal business opportunity, and to fair
economic advancement. Today, such laws would not only protect laundrymen, but all workers, entrepreneurs, business operators, engineers,
scientists, physicians, and other persons or professionals who have to earn a livelihood in this country of opportunities. A debt is certainly
owed to Yick Wo, Wo Lee, and all those other Chinese laundrymen who took a stand before the law for their rights a century ago.
To read the complete Supreme Court decision click here.